AAA: Association of Authors Agents (U.K.)
AAR: Association of Authors Representatives (U.S.)
AA: author alteration
ABD: Publication abandoned (stock code)
A/W: abbreviation for artwork
AAAF: Anglo-American Authority File
AACR2: Anglo-American Cataloguing Rules, 2nd edition
AAC: Open standard for formatting music; one of many layers within MPG4
ALCS: Authors Licensing and Collecting Society
ATRAC 3: Sony’s proprietary format for digital music downloads
ARLIS: UK & Ireland Art Libraries Society
BDS: Bibliographic Data Services Ltd
BIC: Book Industry Communication
BLNAL: British Library Name Authority List
BNBRF: British National Bibliography Research Fund
BOMC: Book of The Month Club (US)
CAN: Title Cancelled (stocking code)
CIP: Cataloguing-In-Publishing, the procedure by which catalogue records for new books are incorporated into the British National Bibliography before publication
CIS: Common Information System
CISAC: International Confederation of Societies of Authors and Composers
CLA: Copyright Licensing Agency
CMYK: cyan, magenta, yellow and key (black)
CPI: Characters per inch
CPL: Characters per line
CPS: Characters per second as a measure of a line printer
CRC: camera ready copy
DOI: digital object identifier
DPI: dots per square inch
DRM: Digital Rights Management to prevent unauthorised distribution
EAN: Formerly the European Article Numbering Association, now renamed EAN International
EDI: Electronic Data Interchange, the exchange of trading messages in a standard format between computer systems
EGLS: Extended Graphics Language Support
EP: abbreviation for envelope
Epub: electronic publishing standard agreed for ebooks
GLN: Global Location Numbers are assigned by ISBN agencies to identify parts of the bookselling chain
GSM: Grammes per square metre
HLS: abbreviation for hue, lightness, saturation in graphic software
IDPF: International Digital Publishing Forum (Formerly the Open ebook forum)
IFLA: International Federation of Library Associations
indecs: INteroperability of Data in E-Commerce Systems
IP: In print (and in stock)
IPD: International Performers Database
IPDA: International Performers Database Association
IPI: Interested Party Information (system)
IPN: International Performer’s Number
IMAP: Internet Message Access Protocol, a newer email protocol that can be used instead of POP if the server permits it
Impression: used to refer to a page visited on a website, often in the context of advertising.
IIS: Internet Info Server, part of the internet definition that allows FTP and ASP to work.
iPod: Apple Computer’s portable digital player for their proprietary AAC and MP3 files.
ISADN: International Standard Authority Data Number
ISBN: International Standard Book Number
ISTC: International Standard Text Code
ISP: Internet Service Provider, a company that provides access to the internet and email for a fee.
ISIL: International Standard Identifier for Libraries
ISO: International Standards Organisation
JPEG: Joint Photographic Experts Group, pronounced ‘jay-peg’, a close relative of the MPEG format used in DVDs. Most images on the web are in jpeg format. An updated version, jpg2, is now available.
JSP: Java Server Pages. Java is a language developed by Sun and now supported by most platforms via what is called a ‘virtual machine’.
LMP: Literary Marketplace. Annual guide to who’s who in the book trade
LC: also, LoC. Library of Congress
LSI: Lightning Source international (print on demand supplier)
LTP: Licence to Publish
MD: Manufactured on demand (now POD)
MP3: Digital music file format that takes up much less storage space
MPG4: Multi-layered format for audio and/or video, which is an open standard i.e. agreed by all major computer and software companies and none of them own it. Apple iTunes uses a variety of MPG4 (AAC).
MARC: MAchine Readable Cataloguing
MO: minimum order
MOQ: Minimum order quantity
NACO: US Name Authorities Co-operative
NBA: The National Bibliographic Agency
NBS: National Bibliographic Service (UK)
NE: New edition (stock code)
NLS: No longer stocked
NQ: Not stocked (NS not stocked)
OB: Temporarily out of stock (BIC code)
OCR: Optical Character Recognition
OO: On Order
OP or OOP: Out of print
OS or OOS: Out of stock
OSP: Out of stock at publisher (stock code)
P2P: Peer to peer, a transport technology or another way of transferring information from one computer to another.
PCI slot is a high performance Peripheral Component Interconnect.
PCMCIA: Personal Computer Memory Card International Association, is a consortium of computer manufacturers who devised the three standards for the credit card-size adapter cards used in many notebook computers.
PDA: Personal Digital Assistant, or handheld device with computing power.
PDF: Portable Document Format a popular document viewing format offering a free reader – owned by the company Adobe.
PDL (Page Description Language); a programming language which enables text and graphics to be described in mathematical statements such as PostScript and DDL
PE: proof reader mark meaning printer error, as opposed to an error by the customer
PGP: Pretty Good Privacy.
PHP: a scripting language.
PIE: Persistent Identification Element, a technology that uses Macromedia’s Flash MX to track you without using cookies.
PIM: Personal Information Manager. Often found on PDAs and mobile phones.
ping: a tool used to test if host can be reached on the IP network. Ping sends “echo request” packets to the target. By timing the interval and response rate, ping estimates the round-trip time and reliability between the hosts.
PLR: Public Lending Right
PLS: Publishers Licensing Society
PN: Publishing News the British publishing trade weekly
PNL: Profit aNd Loss
POD: Print on demand see MD
POP: 1) Post Office Protocol, used to retrieve email from a mail server. 2) Short for Point of Presence, a phone number provided by an ISP so that users can access their mail and the internet.
QR code: a 2-dimensional barcode – the QR stands for “Quick Response” as ntended to allow contents to be decoded at high speed.
QSOS: Qualification & Selection of Open Source Software: methodology for assessing open source software.
RE: Re-issues awaite
RSS: Really Simple Syndication
RPR or RP: Reprinting (stock code)
SaaS: Software as a Service
SAN: US and UK book trade Standard Address Number to identify organisations in the book selling chain
SEO: Search Engine Optimisations
SMS: Small message service better known as texting and used by mobile phones
SQL: Structured Query Language, developed by IBM for unskilled users to perform database queries. Now supported by all relational databases
S/S: (Same size)
SSL: ‘secure socket layer’ through which encrypted traffic passes to keep it secure
ST: Stock take
TC: Title Cancelled by publisher
TCP/IP: Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol, the communications protocol used by UNIX systems and the internet
SCAPR: Societies’ Council for the Administration of Performers’ Rights
SCORM: Sharable content object reference model
STM or SMT: Scientific, Technical and Medical publishing
SUISA: The copyright licensing and royalty collection society in Switzerland and Liechtenstein
TAC: Total Area Coverage
TIFF (Tagged Image File Format) is a good format for saving all the details and is the standard in the publishing business where Mac computers dominate the desktop
TOR: The Orion Router, software to drive the Dark Web
TU: Temporarily unavailable from publisher
UBCIM: Universal Bibliographic Control and MARC programme (of IFLA)
UCE: Unsolicited Commercial Email, i.e. ‘spam’.
UGC: User-Generated Content
URL: Universal Resource Locator,the official name for the web page address normally starting http://
USB: Universal Serial Bus, used in modern PCs for adding peripherals and offers ‘Plug & Play’.
USNAF: United States National Authority File
USP: Unique Selling Point is a feature that makes something ‘special’
VAR: Value Added Reseller, is a company that resells hardware with some added software or function.
VBS: Visual Basic Script, the latest incarnation of one of the first user-friendly languages, BASIC.
WiFi: Name of a global alliance offering wireless communications.
WMM: Wi-Fi Multimedia
WMA: Windows Media format for digital media
WPA2: Wi-Fi Protected Access 2™
WWW: World Wide Web, the set of protocols that allow pages to be shared over the internet.
WYSIWYG: ‘What You See Is What You Get’, implies that what is on the screen is what will be printed out.
XML: Extensible Mark-up Language, allows data to be displayed on different platform (not just computer screens).