AAA: Association of Authors Agents (U.K.)

AAR: Association of Authors Representatives (U.S.)

AA: author alteration

ABD: Publication abandoned (stock code)

A/W: abbreviation for artwork

AAAF: Anglo-American Authority File

AACR2: Anglo-American Cataloguing Rules, 2nd edition

AAC: Open standard for formatting music; one of many layers within MPG4

ALCS: Authors Licensing and Collecting Society

ATRAC 3: Sony’s proprietary format for digital music downloads

ARLIS: UK & Ireland Art Libraries Society

BDS: Bibliographic Data Services Ltd

BIC: Book Industry Communication

BLNAL: British Library Name Authority List

BNBRF: British National Bibliography Research Fund

BOMC: Book of The Month Club (US)

CAE: Compositeur-Auteur-Editeur

CAN: Title Cancelled (stocking code)

CIP: Cataloguing-In-Publishing, the procedure by which catalogue records for new books are incorporated into the British National Bibliography before publication

CIS: Common Information System

CISAC: International Confederation of Societies of Authors and Composers

CLA: Copyright Licensing Agency

CMYK: cyan, magenta, yellow and key (black)

CPI: Characters per inch

CPL: Characters per line

CPS: Characters per second as a measure of a line printer

CRC: camera ready copy

DOI: digital object identifier

DPI: dots per square inch

DRM: Digital Rights Management to prevent unauthorised distribution

EAN: Formerly the European Article Numbering Association, now renamed EAN International

EDI: Electronic Data Interchange, the exchange of trading messages in a standard format between computer systems

EGLS: Extended Graphics Language Support

EP: abbreviation for envelope

Epub: electronic publishing standard agreed for ebooks

GLN: Global Location Numbers are assigned by ISBN agencies to identify parts of the bookselling chain

GSM: Grammes per square metre

HLS: abbreviation for hue, lightness, saturation in graphic software

IDPF: International Digital Publishing Forum (Formerly the Open ebook forum)

IFLA: International Federation of Library Associations

indecs: INteroperability of Data in E-Commerce Systems

IP: In print (and in stock)

IPD: International Performers Database

IPDA: International Performers Database Association

IPI: Interested Party Information (system)

IPN: International Performer’s Number

IMAP: Internet Message Access Protocol, a newer email protocol that can be used instead of POP if the server permits it

Impression: used to refer to a page visited on a website, often in the context of advertising.

IIS: Internet Info Server, part of the internet definition that allows FTP and ASP to work.

iPod: Apple Computer’s portable digital player for their proprietary AAC and MP3 files.

ISADN: International Standard Authority Data Number

ISBN: International Standard Book Number

ISTC: International Standard Text Code

ISP: Internet Service Provider, a company that provides access to the internet and email for a fee.

ISIL: International Standard Identifier for Libraries

ISO: International Standards Organisation

JPEG: Joint Photographic Experts Group, pronounced ‘jay-peg’, a close relative of the MPEG format used in DVDs. Most images on the web are in jpeg format. An updated version, jpg2, is now available.

JSP: Java Server Pages. Java is a language developed by Sun and now supported by most platforms via what is called a ‘virtual machine’.

LMP: Literary Marketplace. Annual guide to who’s who in the book trade

LC: also, LoC. Library of Congress

LSI: Lightning Source international (print on demand supplier)

LTP: Licence to Publish

MD: Manufactured on demand (now POD)

MP3: Digital music file format that takes up much less storage space

MPG4: Multi-layered format for audio and/or video, which is an open standard i.e. agreed by all major computer and software companies and none of them own it. Apple iTunes uses a variety of MPG4 (AAC).

MARC: MAchine Readable Cataloguing

MO: minimum order

MOQ: Minimum order quantity

NACO: US Name Authorities Co-operative

NBA: The National Bibliographic Agency

NBS: National Bibliographic Service (UK)

NE: New edition (stock code)

NLS: No longer stocked

NQ: Not stocked (NS not stocked)

OB: Temporarily out of stock (BIC code)

OCR: Optical Character Recognition

OO: On Order

OP or OOP: Out of print

OS or OOS: Out of stock

OSP: Out of stock at publisher (stock code)

P2P: Peer to peer, a transport technology or another way of transferring information from one computer to another.

PCI slot is a high performance Peripheral Component Interconnect.

PCMCIA: Personal Computer Memory Card International Association, is a consortium of computer manufacturers who devised the three standards for the credit card-size adapter cards used in many notebook computers.

PDA: Personal Digital Assistant, or handheld device with computing power.

PDF: Portable Document Format a popular document viewing format offering a free reader – owned by the company Adobe.

PDL (Page Description Language); a programming language which enables text and graphics to be described in mathematical statements such as PostScript and DDL

PE: proof reader mark meaning printer error, as opposed to an error by the customer

PGP: Pretty Good Privacy.

PHP: a scripting language.

PIE: Persistent Identification Element,  a technology that uses Macromedia’s Flash MX to track you without using cookies.

PIM: Personal Information Manager. Often found on PDAs and mobile phones.

ping:  a tool used to test if host can be reached on the IP network. Ping sends “echo request” packets to the target. By timing the interval and response rate, ping estimates the round-trip time and reliability between the hosts.

PLR: Public Lending Right

PLS: Publishers Licensing Society

PN: Publishing News the British publishing trade weekly

PNL: Profit aNd Loss

POD: Print on demand see MD

POP: 1) Post Office Protocol, used to retrieve email from a mail server.  2) Short for Point oPresence, a phone number provided by an ISP so that users can access their mail and the internet.

QR code: a 2-dimensional barcode – the QR stands for “Quick Response” as  ntended to allow contents to be decoded at high speed.

QSOS: Qualification & Selection of Open Source Software: methodology for assessing open source software.

RE: Re-issues awaite

RSS: Really Simple Syndication

RPR or RP: Reprinting (stock code)

SaaS: Software as a Service

SAN: US and UK book trade Standard Address Number to identify organisations in the book selling chain

SEO: Search Engine Optimisations

SMS: Small message service better known as texting and used by mobile phones

SQL: Structured Query Language, developed by IBM for unskilled users to perform database queries. Now supported by all relational databases

S/S: (Same size)

SSL:  ‘secure socket layer’ through which encrypted traffic passes to keep it secure

ST: Stock take

TC: Title Cancelled by publisher

TCP/IP: Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol, the communications protocol used by UNIX systems and the internet

SCAPR: Societies’ Council for the Administration of Performers’ Rights

SCORM: Sharable content object reference model

STM or SMT: Scientific, Technical and Medical publishing

SUISA: The copyright licensing and royalty collection society in Switzerland and Liechtenstein

TAC: Total Area Coverage

TIFF (Tagged Image File Format) is a good format for saving all the details and is the standard in the publishing business where Mac computers dominate the desktop

TOR: The Orion Router, software to drive the Dark Web

TU: Temporarily unavailable from publisher

UBCIM: Universal Bibliographic Control and MARC programme (of IFLA)

UC: Unavailable

UCE: Unsolicited Commercial Email, i.e. ‘spam’.

UGC: User-Generated Content

URL: Universal Resource Locator,the official name for the web page address normally starting http://

USB: Universal Serial Bus, used in modern PCs for adding peripherals and offers ‘Plug & Play’.

USNAF: United States National Authority File

USP: Unique Selling Point is a feature that makes something ‘special’

VAR: Value Added Reseller, is a company that resells hardware with some added software or function.

VBS: Visual Basic Script, the latest incarnation of one of the first user-friendly languages, BASIC.

WiFi: Name of a global alliance offering wireless communications.

WMM: Wi-Fi Multimedia

WMA: Windows Media format for digital media

WPA2: Wi-Fi Protected Access 2™

WWW: World Wide Web, the set of protocols that allow pages to be shared over the internet.

WYSIWYG: ‘What You See Is What You Get’, implies that what is on the screen is what will be printed out.

XML: Extensible Mark-up Language, allows data to be displayed on different platform (not just computer screens).